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-[[!meta title="Full synopsis for Windows USB scenario"]]
-
-[[!toc]]
-
-*Note: This page is part of our work on an [[*Installation
-Assistant*|assistant]] for Tails. It presents the full list of
-instructions for Windows user to install Tails on a USB stick.*
-
-*Note: Before getting to the full list of instructions, people will be
-presented an overview of the process. See the [draft
-wireframe](https://labs.riseup.net/code/attachments/download/782/overview-20150521-tchou.pdf).*
-
-Download and verify
-===================
-
-*Note: This section will correspond to the [[*Download and Verify Tails*
-browser extension|extension]]. See the [detailed
-wireframe](https://labs.riseup.net/code/attachments/download/764/extension-20150505.fodg).*
-
-Install a temporary Tails
-=========================
-
-In this step, you will install a temporary Tails by copying the Tails ISO image on a first USB
-stick using a program called *Universal USB Installer*.
-
-<div class="note">
-
-<p>On
-this temporary Tails you won't benefit from important features like
-automatic upgrades or the possibility to create an encrypted persistent
-storage to store some of your personal files.</p>
-
-</div>
-
-<div class="caution">
-
-<p>All the data on this USB stick will be lost.</p>
-
-</div>
-
-1. Plug the first USB stick in the computer.
-
-1. Click on the following link to download <span class="application">Universal USB Installer</span>:
-
- <a href='http://www.pendrivelinux.com/downloads/Universal-USB-Installer/Universal-USB-Installer-1.9.6.0.exe'>Download Universal USB Installer</a>
-
-1. At the Windows security warning, confirm that you want to
-run the program.
-
-1. Read the licence agreement and click **I Agree** to continue and
-start <span class="application">Universal USB Installer</span>.
-
-1. Select **Tails** from the drop-down list.
-
- [[!img uui.png link=no alt="screenshot of Universal USB Installer"]]
-
-1. Click **Browse** and choose the ISO image that you downloaded earlier.
-
-1. Use the drop-down list to specify the USB stick on which you want to install
-the ISO image.
-
- <div class="tip">
- <p>If the USB stick does not appear in the drop-down list, make sure
- that it is plugged in correctly and restart
- <span class="application">Universal USB Installer</span>.</p>
- </div>
-
-1. Select the **Format** option.
-
-1. Click **Create**.
-
-1. A warning appears. Click **Yes** to start the installation.
- The installation takes a few minutes.
-
-1. After the installation is finished, click **Close** to quit *Universal USB
-Installer*.
-
-Open these instructions on another device
-=========================================
-
-In the next step, you will shut down the computer. To be able to follow
-the rest of the instructions afterwards, we recommend you either:
-
- - Open this page on your smartphone, tablet, or another computer (recommended).
-
- [[!img tails_boum_org_blueprint_bootstrapping_assistant_windows.png link=no]]
-
- - Print the rest of the instructions on paper.
-
- - Take note of the URL of this page to be able to come back later:
-
- <https://tails.boum.org/install/win/usb/4-restart-temporary>
-
-Restart on the temporary Tails
-==============================
-
-1. Shut down the computer while leaving the first USB stick plugged in.
-
-1. Switch on the computer.
-
- If the computer starts on Tails, the **Boot Tails** menu
- appears. Choose **Live** and press **Enter**.
-
- [[!img doc/first_steps/start_tails/tails_boot_menu.png link=no alt="Black screen with Tails artwork. 'Boot menu' with two options 'Live' and 'Live (failsafe)'."]]
-
- <div class="note">
- <p>Most computers do not start on Tails by default. If it does you
- are lucky. Otherwise, if the computer starts on Windows, refer to the
- troubleshooting section about [[!toggle id="not_at_all" text="Tails
- not starting at all"]].</p>
- </div>
-
- [[!toggleable id="not_at_all" text="""
- <span class="hide">[[!toggle id="not_at_all" text=""]]</span>
-
- Tails does not start at all (troubleshooting)
- ---------------------------------------------
-
- The following section applies if the **Boot Tails** menu does not
- appear when starting on the USB stick.
-
- It is quite common for computers not to start automatically on a
- USB stick with Tails installed. Here are two troubleshooting techniques. You should try them
- one after the other.
-
- ### Getting to the boot menu
-
- On most computers, you can press a *boot menu key* to display a list of
- possible devices to start from. The following instructions explain how
- to display the boot menu and start on the USB stick. The following
- screenshot is an example of such boot menu:
-
- [[!img bios_boot_menu.png link=no]]
-
- 1. Identify the potential boot menu keys for the computer depending on
- the computer manufacturer in the following list:
-
- <table>
- <tr><th>Manufacturer</th><th>Type</th><th>Models</th><th>Key</th><th>Notes</th></tr>
- <tr><td>Acer</td><td>*</td><td>*</td><td>Esc, F12, F9</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Acer</td><td>netbook</td><td>AspireOne </td><td>F12</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Acer</td><td>netbook</td><td>Aspire Timeline</td><td>F12</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Acer</td><td>netbook</td><td>Aspire v3, v5, v7</td><td>F12</td><td>Boot Menu must be enabled in BIOS. It is disabled by default. Please check manual of the computer on how to enable it.</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Apple</td><td>*</td><td>After 2006</td><td>Option</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Asus</td><td>desktop</td><td>*</td><td>F8</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Asus</td><td>laptop</td><td>*</td><td>Esc</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Asus</td><td>laptop</td><td>R503C</td><td>F8</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Asus</td><td>netbook</td><td>Eee PC 1025c</td><td>Esc</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Compaq</td><td>*</td><td>Presario</td><td>Esc, F9</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Dell</td><td>desktop</td><td>Dimension, Inspiron, Latitude</td><td>F12</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Dell</td><td>desktop</td><td>Inspiron One 2020, 2305, 2320, 2330 All-In-One</td><td>F12</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Dell</td><td>laptop</td><td>Inspiron</td><td> F12</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Dell</td><td>laptop</td><td>Precision</td><td>F12</td></tr>
- <tr><td>eMachines</td><td>*</td><td>*</td><td>F12</td></tr>
- <tr><td>HP</td><td>generic</td><td>*</td><td>Esc, F9</td></tr>
- <tr><td>HP</td><td>desktop</td><td>Media Center</td><td>Esc</td></tr>
- <tr><td>HP</td><td>desktop</td><td>Pavilion 23 All In One</td><td>Esc</td></tr>
- <tr><td>HP</td><td>desktop</td><td>Pavilion g6 and g7 </td><td>Esc</td></tr>
- <tr><td>HP</td><td>desktop</td><td>Pavilion HPE PC, h8-1287c</td><td>Esc</td></tr>
- <tr><td>HP</td><td>desktop</td><td>Pavilion PC, p6 2317c</td><td>Esc, then F9 for "Boot Menu"</td></tr>
- <tr><td>HP</td><td>desktop</td><td>Pavilion PC, p7 1297cb</td><td>Esc, then F9 for "Boot Menu"</td></tr>
- <tr><td>HP</td><td>desktop</td><td>TouchSmart 520 PC</td><td>Esc, then F9 for "Boot Menu"</td></tr>
- <tr><td>HP</td><td>laptop</td><td>2000</td><td>Esc</td></tr>
- <tr><td>HP</td><td>notebook</td><td>Pavilion</td><td>Esc</td></tr>
- <tr><td>HP</td><td>notebook</td><td>ENVY dv6 and dv7 PC</td><td>Esc, then F9 for "Boot Menu"</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Intel</td><td>*</td><td>*</td><td>F10</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Lenovo</td><td>desktop</td><td>*</td><td>F12, F8, F10</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Lenovo</td><td>laptop</td><td>*</td><td>F12</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Lenovo</td><td>laptop</td><td>IdeaPad P500</td><td>F12 or Fn + F11</td></tr>
- <tr><td>NEC</td><td>*</td><td>*</td><td>F5</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Packard Bell</td><td>*</td><td>*</td><td>F8</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Samsung</td><td>*</td><td>*</td><td>F12, Esc</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Samsung</td><td>netbook</td><td>NC10</td><td>Esc</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Samsung</td><td>ultrabook</td><td>Series 5 Ultra and Series 7 Chronos</td><td>Esc</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Sharp</td><td>*</td><td>*</td><td>F2</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Sony</td><td>*</td><td>VAIO, PCG, VGN</td><td>F11</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Sony</td><td>*</td><td>VGN</td><td>Esc, F10</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Toshiba</td><td>*</td><td>Protege, Satellite, Tecra</td><td>F12</td></tr>
- <tr><td>Toshiba</td><td>*</td><td>Equium</td><td>F12</td></tr>
- </table>
-
- 1. Make sure that the first USB stick is plugged in the computer.
-
- 1. Shut down the computer.
-
- 1. Switch on the computer.
-
- Immediately press several times the first potential boot menu key identified in step 1.
-
- - If a boot menu with a list of possible devices to start from
- appears, select the first USB stick in the list and press **Enter**.
-
- - If the computer starts on Windows, repeat steps
- 2 and 3 for all the potential boot menu keys identified in step 1.
-
- If none of the potential boot menu keys identified in step 1 work or if
- the USB stick does not appear in the list, then try the second
- troubleshooting technique described below.
-
- ### Edit the BIOS settings
-
- You might need to edit the BIOS settings of the computer.
-
- <div class="tip">
-
- <p>Search for the user guide of the computer on the website of its
- manufacturer to learn how to edit the BIOS settings.</p>
-
- </div>
-
- In the BIOS settings, try to apply the following changes one by one and
- restart the computer after each change. Some changes might not
- apply to certain computer models.
-
- <div class="caution">
-
- <p>Take note of the changes that you apply to the BIOS settings, to be
- able to revert them if they prevent the computer to start on
- Windows.</p>
-
- </div>
-
- 1. Edit the **Boot Order**. Depending on the computer model you might
- see an entry for **removable devices** or **USB media**. Move this entry
- to the top of the list to force the computer to try to start from
- the first USB stick before starting from the internal hard disk.
-
- 1. Disable **Fast boot**.
-
- 1. If the computer is configured to start with **legacy BIOS**, try to
- configure it to start with **UEFI**. Else, if the computer is configured
- to start with **UEFI**, try to configure it to start with **legacy
- BIOS**. To do so, try any of the following options if available:
-
- - Enable Legacy mode
- - Disable Secure boot
- - Enable CSM boot
- - Disable UEFI
-
- 1. Try to upgrade the BIOS to the latest version provided by the manufacturer.
-
- If none of these options work, please [[report the problem to our
- support team|doc/first_steps/bug_reporting/tails_does_not_start]].
-
- We're sorry but you might not be able to use Tails on this computer.
-
- """]]
-
-1. After 30&ndash;60 seconds, another screen called *Tails Greeter*, appears.
-
- [[!img doc/first_steps/startup_options/tails-greeter-welcome-to-tails.png link=no]]
-
- <div class="note">
- <p>If the computer stops responding or displays error messages before
- getting to <span class="application">Tails Greeter</span>, refer to
- the troubleshooting section about
- [[!toggle id="not_entirely" text="Tails not starting entirely"]].</p>
- </div>
-
- [[!toggleable id="not_entirely" text="""
- <span class="hide">[[!toggle id="not_entirely" text=""]]</span>
-
- Tails does not start entirely (troubleshooting)
- -----------------------------------------------
-
- The following section applies if the **Boot Tails** menu appears but not
- *Tails Greeter* when starting Tails.
-
- 1. Restart the computer on the first USB stick.
-
- 1. In the **Boot Tails** menu, choose the <span class="guilabel">failsafe</span>
- mode which might work better on some computers.
-
- 1. If the <span class="guilabel">failsafe</span> mode does not work
- better, restart the computer again on the first USB stick.
-
- 1. In the **Boot Tails** menu, press `TAB`. A command line with a list
- of boot options appears at the bottom of the screen.
-
- [[!img doc/first_steps/startup_options/boot-menu-with-options.png link=no]]
-
- 1. Press the <span class="keycap">Backspace</span> key several times to
- remove the `quiet` option from the command line.
-
- 1. Type `debug nosplash` to add these options to the command line.
-
- 1. To start Tails, press **Enter**.
-
- 1. Hopefully, error messages now appear when starting Tails. You can
- [[send them to our support team by email|/support/talk]], for example by taking a
- picture of the last screen and error messages.
-
- 1. If the error message is `/bin/sh: can't access tty; job control
- turned off` followed by `(initramfs)`, then try removing the
- `live-media=removable` option from the boot command line.
-
- If removing `live-media=removable` allows you to start Tails, please
- report the problem to our [[support team|support/talk]].
- This contributes to improving the [[list
- of problematic USB sticks|support/known_issues#problematic-usb-sticks]].
- Then try installing Tails on another USB stick.
-
- <div class="caution">
-
- <p>Removing the <span class="code">live-media=removable</span> option
- might be dangerous. If an adversary had access to the computer and
- installed a malicious Tails on an internal hard disk, the computer
- might start on the malicious Tails instead of on the USB stick.</p>
-
- </div>
-
- 1. In *Tails Greeter*, select your preferred language in the drop-down
- list on the bottom left of the screen. Click **Login**.
-
- """]]
-
-1. After 15&ndash;30 seconds, the Tails desktop appears.
-
- [[!img desktop.png size=640x480 link=no]]
-
-Install the final Tails
-=======================
-
-In this step, you will install the final Tails on a second USB stick
-using *Tails Installer*.
-
-<div class="caution">
-
-<p>All the data on this USB stick will be lost.</p>
-
-</div>
-
-1. Plug the second USB stick in the computer.
-
-1. Choose
- <span class="menuchoice">
- <span class="guimenu">Applications</span>&nbsp;▸
- <span class="guisubmenu">Tails</span>&nbsp;▸
- <span class="guimenuitem">Tails Installer</span>
- </span>
- to start <span class="application">Tails Installer</span>.
-
-1. Click on the <span class="button">Clone & Install</span> button.
-
- [[!img tails_installer.png link=no]]
-
-1. Use the <span class="guilabel">Target Device</span> drop-down list to
- specify the second USB stick.
-
-1. To start the installation, click on the <span
- class="button">Install Tails</span> button.
- The installation takes a few minutes.
-
- <div class="bug">
- <p>The progress bar usually freezes for some time around 95 percent
- while synchronizing data on disk.</p>
- </div>
-
-1. Read the warning message in the pop-up window. Click on the <span
- class="button">Yes</span> button to confirm.
-
-Restart on the final Tails
-==========================
-
-1. Shut down the computer.
-
-1. Unplug the first USB stick and leave the second USB stick plugged in.
-
-1. Switch on the computer.
-
-1. In the **Boot Tails** menu, choose **Live** and press **Enter**.
-
-1. After 30&ndash;60 seconds, *Tails Greeter* appears.
-
-1. In *Tails Greeter*, select your preferred language in the drop-down
-list on the bottom left of the screen. Click **Login**.
-
-1. After 15&ndash;30 seconds, the Tails desktop appears.
-
-Subscribe to our newsletter (optional)
-======================================
-
-It is very important to keep your Tails up-to-date, otherwise
-it will become vulnerable to numerous security issues.
-
-To be notified of new versions and important project news, follow our
-[[news feed|news]] or subscribe to our
-<a href="https://mailman.boum.org/listinfo/amnesia-news">newsletter</a>
-(one or two messages per month):
-
-<form method="post" action="https://mailman.boum.org/subscribe/amnesia-news" target="_blank">
- <input class="text" name="email" value=""/>
- <input class="button" type="submit" value="Subscribe"/>
-</form>
-
-Create an encrypted persistent storage (optional)
-=================================================
-
-You can optionally create an *encrypted persistent storage* in the
-remaining free space on the second USB stick to store any of the
-following:
-
- - Your personal files and working documents
- - Some of your settings
- - Your encryption keys
-
-The data in the encrypted persistent storage:
-
- - Remains available across separate working sessions.
- - Is encrypted using a passphrase of your choice.
-
-Once the encrypted persistent storage is created, you can choose whether
-to activate it or not each time you start Tails.
-
-<div class="tip">
-
-<p>If you don't want to store any data in Tails you can stop following
-these instructions and start enjoying Tails right now.</p>
-
-</div>
-
-<div class="caution">
-
-<p>The encrypted persistent storage is not hidden. An attacker in possession of
-the USB stick can know whether it has an encrypted persistent storage. Take into consideration
-that you can be forced or tricked to give out its passphrase.</p>
-
-</div>
-
-<div class="caution">
-
-<p>It is possible to
-open the encrypted persistent storage from other operating systems, but it might break
-your security.
-Other operating systems should probably not be trusted to handle
-sensitive information or leave no trace.</p>
-
-</div>
-
-1. Choose
- <span class="menuchoice">
- <span class="guimenu">Applications</span>&nbsp;▸
- <span class="guisubmenu">Tails</span>&nbsp;▸
- <span class="guimenuitem">Configure persistent volume</span></span> to
- start the *Persistence Assistant*. The assistant proposes to create
- an encrypted persistent volume on the USB stick.
-
-1. Specify a passphrase of your choice in both the
-<span class="guilabel">Passphrase</span> and <span class="guilabel">Verify
-Passphrase</span> text boxes. Click on the <span class="guilabel">Create</span> button.
-
- <div class="tip">
- <p>We recommend choosing a long passphrase made of several random words
- rather than a single password. For example "bank violin thread duck knob
- train" is a very strong passphrase.</p>
-
- <p>To learn how to choose a good passphrase, read
- <a href="https://theintercept.com/2015/03/26/passphrases-can-memorize-attackers-cant-guess/">this
- article from The Intercept</a>.</p>
- </div>
-
-3. Wait for the creation to finish.
-
- <div class="bug">
- <p>If the creation is interrupted before it finishes, you might not
- be able to start Tails from this USB stick anymore. This can happen if you
- close the window of the assistant or unplug the USB stick during the creation of
- the encrypted persistent storage. Reinstall the final Tails from the
- temporary Tails to fix this issue.</p>
- </div>
-
-4. The assistant shows a list of the possible persistence features. Each
- feature corresponds to a set of files or settings to be saved in the encrypted
- persistent storage.
-
- For the time being, we recommend you to only activate the **Personal
- Data** persistence feature. You can modify the configuration of the
- encrypted persistent storage later on according to your needs.
-
- <div class="caution">
- <p>As a general rule, only activate the persistence features that you
- need, as you might otherwise store more data than intended or weaken
- your anonymity.</p>
- </div>
-
- Refer to our documentation on [[configuring the encrypted persistent
- storage|doc/first_steps/persistence/configure]] to learn more about
- the other persistence features.
-
-5. Click **Save**.
-
-1. Shut down the computer and restart on the final Tails.
-
-1. In *Tails Greeter*:
-
- - Select your preferred language in the drop-down list on the bottom left of the screen.
- - In the <span class="guilabel">Use persistence?</span> section, choose <span class="guilabel">Yes</span> to
-enable the encrypted persistent storage for the current working session.
- - Enter the passphrase of the persistent volume in the
-<span class="guilabel">Passphrase</span> text box.</span>
- - If you select the <span class="guilabel">Read-Only</span> check box, the
-content of encrypted persistent storage is available and you can modify
-it but the changes are not be saved.
- - Click **Login**.
-
- <div class="caution">
- <p>Use the encrypted persistent storage only when necessary. You can
- always start Tails without activating the encrypted persistent
- storage.</p>
- </div>
-
-1. After 15&ndash;30 seconds, the Tails desktop appears.
-
-1. You can now save your personal files and working documents in the
-**Persistent** folder. To open the **Persistent** folder choose
-<span class="menuchoice">
- <span class="guimenu">Places</span>&nbsp;▸
- <span class="guimenuitem">Persistent</span></span>.