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<h1 id="switch-device">Open these instructions on another device</h1>

<div class="step-image">[[!img install/inc/infography/switch-context.png link="no" alt=""]]</div>

In the next step, you will shut down the computer. To be able to follow
the rest of the instructions afterwards, we recommend you either:

   [[!img install/inc/qrcodes/tails_boum_org_install_clone.png class="install-clone qrcode" link="no" alt=""]]
   [[!img install/inc/qrcodes/tails_boum_org_install_win_usb.png class="windows qrcode" link="no" alt=""]]
   [[!img install/inc/qrcodes/tails_boum_org_install_mac_usb.png class="mac-usb qrcode" link="no" alt=""]]
   [[!img install/inc/qrcodes/tails_boum_org_install_mac_clone.png class="mac-clone qrcode" link="no" alt=""]]
   [[!img install/inc/qrcodes/tails_boum_org_install_mac_dvd.png class="mac-dvd qrcode" link="no" alt=""]]
   [[!img install/inc/qrcodes/tails_boum_org_install_debian_usb.png class="debian qrcode" link="no" alt=""]]
   [[!img install/inc/qrcodes/tails_boum_org_install_expert_usb.png class="expert qrcode" link="no" alt=""]]
   [[!img install/inc/qrcodes/tails_boum_org_install_linux_usb.png class="linux qrcode" link="no" alt=""]]
   [[!img install/inc/qrcodes/tails_boum_org_upgrade_clone.png class="upgrade-clone qrcode" link="no" alt=""]]
   [[!img install/inc/qrcodes/tails_boum_org_upgrade_tails.png class="upgrade-tails qrcode" link="no" alt=""]]

   - Open this page on your smartphone, tablet, or another computer (recommended).

   - Print the rest of the instructions on paper.

   - Take note of the URL of this page to be able to come back later:

     <span class="install-clone">`https://tails.boum.org/install/clone/`</span>
     <span class="windows">`https://tails.boum.org/install/win/usb/`</span>
     <span class="mac-usb">`https://tails.boum.org/install/mac/usb/`</span>
     <span class="mac-clone">`https://tails.boum.org/install/mac/clone/`</span>
     <span class="mac-dvd">`https://tails.boum.org/install/mac/dvd/`</span>
     <span class="debian">`https://tails.boum.org/install/debian/usb/`</span>
     <span class="expert">`https://tails.boum.org/install/expert/usb/`</span>
     <span class="linux">`https://tails.boum.org/install/linux/usb/`</span>
     <span class="upgrade-clone">`https://tails.boum.org/upgrade/clone/`</span>
     <span class="upgrade-tails">`https://tails.boum.org/upgrade/tails/`</span>

<h1 id="start-intermediary" class="windows linux mac-usb upgrade-tails">Restart on the intermediary Tails</h1>
<h1 id="start-other" class="clone">Restart on the other Tails</h1>
<h1 id="start-dvd" class="mac-dvd">Restart on the Tails DVD</h1>
<h1 id="start-tails" class="debian expert">Restart on Tails</h1>

<div class="step-image">
[[!img install/inc/infography/plug-source-usb.png link="no" class="install-clone mac-clone" alt="USB stick plugged on the left"]]
[[!img install/inc/infography/plug-other-usb.png link="no" class="upgrade-clone"i alt="USB stick plugged on the left"]]
[[!img install/inc/infography/restart-on-tails.png link="no" class="debian" alt="Computer restarted on USB stick on the right"]]
[[!img install/inc/infography/restart-on-intermediary-tails.png link="no" class="clone windows linux mac-usb" alt="Computer restarted on USB stick on the left"]]
[[!img install/inc/infography/restart-on-dvd.png link="no" class="mac-dvd" alt="Computer restarted on DVD"]]
[[!img install/inc/infography/restart-on-upgrade-usb.png link="no" class="upgrade-tails" alt="USB stick unplugged on the right and computer restarted on USB stick on the left"]]
</div>

<div class="note clone">

<p>The following instructions assume that the other Tails that you are
<span class="install-clone debian windows linux mac">installing</span>
<span class="upgrade">upgrading</span>
from is on a USB stick. You can also
<span class="install-clone debian windows linux mac">install</span>
<span class="upgrade">upgrade</span>
from a Tails DVD in a similar way.</p>

</div>

1. <p>
     <span class="mac-dvd">Make sure that the DVD is inserted in the computer.</span>
     <span class="usb">Shut down the computer while leaving the <span class="windows linux mac">first</span> USB stick plugged in.</span>
   </p>
   <p class="mac-dvd clone upgrade-tails">Shut down the computer.</p>
   <p class="clone">Plug in the other Tails USB stick that you want to
   <span class="install-clone debian windows linux mac">install</span>
   <span class="upgrade">upgrade</span>
   from.</p>
   <p class="upgrade-tails">Unplug your Tails USB stick while leaving the intermediary USB stick plugged in.</p>

1. Switch on the computer.

   <p class="mac-dvd">Immediately press-and-hold the
   <span class="keycap">Option</span> key (<span class="keycap">Alt</span> key) until a list of possible startup
   disks appears.</p>

   [[!img install/inc/screenshots/mac_option_key.png class="screenshot mac-dvd" link="no" alt="'Option' or 'alt' key in the bottom left of Mac keyboard"]]

   <p class="mac-dvd">Choose the DVD and press
   <span class="keycap">Enter</span>. The DVD
   might be labelled <span class="guilabel">Windows</span> like in the following screenshot:</p>

   [[!img install/inc/screenshots/mac_startup_dvd.png class="screenshot mac-dvd" link="no" alt="Screen with the logo of an internal hard disk labelled 'Macintosh HD' and a DVD labelled 'Windows' (selected)"]]

   <div class="mac-usb mac-clone">
   [[!inline pages="install/inc/steps/mac_startup_disks.inline" raw="yes"]]
   </div>

1. If the computer starts on Tails, the <span class="application">boot loader menu</span>
   appears. Choose <span class="guilabel">Tails</span> and press <span class="keycap">Enter</span>.

   <div class="note install-clone debian expert windows linux">
   <p>Most computers do not start on Tails by default. If it does you
   are lucky. Otherwise, if the computer starts on
   <span class="debian expert">Debian, Ubuntu, or Linux Mint</span>
   <span class="windows">Windows,</span>
   <span class="linux">Linux,</span>
   <span class="install-clone">Windows or Linux,</span>
   refer to  [[!toggle id="not_at_all" text="the troubleshooting section
   about Tails not starting at all"]].</p>
   </div>

   [[!toggleable id="not_at_all" text="""
   <span class="hide">[[!toggle id="not_at_all" text=""]]</span>

   Troubleshooting
   ---------------

   [[!inline pages="install/inc/steps/not_at_all.inline" raw="yes"]]

   """]]

XXX: update screenshot

     [[!img install/inc/screenshots/tails_boot_menu.png class="screenshot" link="no" alt="Black screen with Tails artwork. 'Boot menu' with two options 'Tails' and 'Tails (troubleshooting mode)'."]]

   <div class="bug mac-usb mac-clone">
   <p>If your computer fails to start on the intermediary Tails, you can
   try these other two methods:</p>

   <ul>
     <li class="mac-usb">[[Install from another operating system|os]]</li>
     <li class="mac-usb mac-clone">[[Burn a DVD and then install|mac/dvd]]</li>
     <li class="mac-clone">[[Install from the command line|mac/usb]]</li>
   </ul>

   <p>If you tried them already but failed as well, then it might
   currently be impossible to start Tails on your Mac model.</p>
   </div>

   <div class="bug mac-dvd">
   <p>If your computer fails to start on the Tails DVD, then it might currently
   be impossible to start Tails on your Mac model.</p>
   </div>

1. After 30&ndash;60 seconds, another screen called <span class="application">Tails Greeter</span> appears.

   <div class="note">
   <p>If the computer stops responding or displays error messages before
   getting to <span class="application">Tails Greeter</span>, refer to
   [[!toggle id="not_entirely" text="the troubleshooting section about
   Tails not starting entirely"]].</p>
   </div>

   [[!toggleable id="not_entirely" text="""
   <span class="hide">[[!toggle id="not_entirely" text=""]]</span>

   Troubleshooting
   ---------------

   Tails does not start entirely
   -----------------------------

   The following section applies if the <span class="application">boot loader menu</span> appears but not
   <span class="application">Tails Greeter</span> when starting Tails.

   1. Restart the computer on the first USB stick.

   1. In the <span class="application">boot loader menu</span>, choose the
   <span class="guilabel">troubleshooting mode</span>
   which might work better on some computers.

   1. If the <span class="guilabel">troubleshooting mode</span> does not work
   better, restart the computer again on the first USB stick.

   1. In the <span class="application">boot loader menu</span>, press
   <span class="keycap">TAB</span>. A command line with a list
   of boot options appears at the bottom of the screen.

   XXX: update screenshot

      [[!img doc/first_steps/startup_options/boot-menu-with-options.png class="screenshot" link="no" alt="Black screen with Tails artwork and list of boot options"]]

   1. Press the <span class="keycap">Backspace</span> key several times to
      remove the <span class="code">quiet</span> option from the command line.

   1. Type `debug nosplash` to add these options to the command line.

   1. To start Tails, press <span class="keycap">Enter</span>.

   1. Hopefully, error messages now appear when starting Tails. You can
      [[send them to our support team by email|support/talk]], for example by taking a
      picture of the last screen and error messages.

   1. If the error message is <span class="code">/bin/sh: can't access tty; job control
      turned off</span> followed by <span class="code">(initramfs)</span>, then try removing the
      <span class="code">live-media=removable</span> option from the boot command line.

      If removing <span class="code">live-media=removable</span> allows you to start Tails, please
      report the problem to our [[support team|support/talk]].
      This contributes to improving the [[list
      of problematic USB sticks|support/known_issues#problematic-usb-sticks]].
      Then try installing Tails on another USB stick.

   <div class="caution">
   <p>Removing the <span class="code">live-media=removable</span> option
   might be dangerous. If an adversary had access to the computer and
   installed a malicious Tails on an internal hard disk, the computer
   might start on the malicious Tails instead of on the USB stick.</p>
   </div>

   """]]

   [[!img doc/first_steps/startup_options/tails-greeter-welcome-to-tails.png class="screenshot" link="no" alt="Tails Greeter: 'Welcome to Tails', 'More options? [Yes/No]'"]]

1. In <span class="application">Tails Greeter</span>, select your preferred language in the drop-down
list on the bottom left of the screen. Click <span class="button">Login</span>.

1. After 15&ndash;30 seconds, the Tails desktop appears.

   [[!img install/inc/screenshots/desktop.png class="screenshot" link="no" alt="Tails desktop"]]

<div class="trophy windows linux mac">

<p class="usb">The most difficult part is over!
Now grab your second USB stick as it is time to install the final Tails on it.</p>

<p class="usb">It is important to install the final Tails as it allows
you to store some of your documents and configuration
and benefit from automatic security upgrades.</p>

<p class="clone mac-dvd">This was a first but important step!
Now grab the <span class="clone">new</span> USB stick on which you want to install Tails.</p>

</div>